In this multi-part series, former Imagineer George McGinnis shares his memories of the beloved Horizons attraction in Epcot. To start from the beginning, see Part 1 (link).
I would like to offer a bit more information on the traveling screen concept mentioned in Part 1. Correctly named, it would be traveling image concept. At the time there was talk in technical journals of using the technology to project images on subway tunnel walls. They would travel with the trains and be used for advertisements.
I suggested it for an element in the Horizons post show. It was to be a tunnel of moving images that the guest viewed while standing on a moving belt. GE's businesses would be highlighted. It was a short experience but had good capacityideal for a post-show experience. Its weakness, as I had conceived it, was that there was no sequential story, much as in the Omnimax theater. As I wrote in Part 1, the post show was eliminated and the show ideas with it.
So when asked by Marty Sklar to come up with an ending after the Omnimax experience was moved to mid-story, I suggested this idea to the team. The first thought was to use it for polling, but a GE team member said, I could get all the information I need from just 1,000 guests leaving the pavilion. It then evolved into the guest voting for a choice of simulation experiences.
The other technology making this possible was GE's Talaria Light Valve projectors, which could project images onto screens 12 feet and larger in great detail. The close viewing position of the vehicle called for this. The GE team was concerned about the visual intrusion of the adjacent vehicle's screens, so shields were added to separate them.
There were difficulties with controlling color balance across the image that weren't apparent in tests. For all but an instant the image was coming from two projectors, so a warm edge would show against a cool edge. Overall the technique worked well and guests enjoyed it.
As I mentioned in the article WDI Engineer Marty Kindel worked out the complicated logistics that would enable each car to see a different environment. There were many other disciplines involved in its creation, but I credit him with the concept's survival.
It's an example of how the creative team works, one person suggests an idea and before it gets thrown out, another team member sees something more in it. Without the fear of being told it will never work or other discouraging words, great things happen.
There were two periods in scene design when I was asked to redesign to meet the budget. In Scene Five, which was a view of the 1950s, we had planned to continue the use of animatronic figures, such as a little girl with a hula hoop. We changed to wire sculpture figures and flats illuminated to look like neon with black light. This would have achieved the goal had not the design evolved.
John Hench noted that we were not using the tremendous height of the available space. He asked me to put in a tower restaurantthink Seattle's Space Needle. The flavor was the Jetsons with flying cars and fun signage from the period. Everyone liked John's tower, a great center of interest, but it did nothing to help the budget. It stayed.
This sectional view sketch shows George McGinnis' original two circuit concept. The ride vehicles are shown above and below the projection lens in the Horizons attraction. Click on the image for a larger version. Image courtesy of George McGinnis.
The other cutback was at a point when the show was nearly all on paper. We were asked to take out $10,000,000. I knew where some costs werethe three Omnimax theaters, some inefficiencies in track layout, and spacious preshow and post show areas. I took out one Omnimax theater allowing for one 90-second circuit to climb to the second floor, shrunk the front pre/post show areas by half, and removed a whole bay by double-siding the Floating Cities, Undersea Classroom and Restaurant scenes. In the revisions, the track length was reduced by a total of 600 feet. The Fifties scene replaced a Looking Back at the Future spiral montage.
The largest single reduction in Horizons' track length was in the Omnimax theater revision. In Claude Coates' concept, the vehicles rose along a spiral track to enter the Omnimax theater at the top level. Along the spiral turns, a montage of Amazing Stories covers and other Back to the Future art was projected (Collin Campbell and I had researched this material at Redlands University Science Fiction Library for the early scenes).
Entering at the top and after two downward circuits, viewing Omnimax scenes, the ride exited at the bottom. The vehicle then climbed to the second floor Future scenes. The revision did it all in a single upward pass through Omnimax. The deleted spiral track left a tall space for the Fifties scene, where John Hench saw the possibility of the Tower Restaurant addition.
Chase Young, architect with the firm producing Horizons construction drawings, complimented us on the simplicity we brought to the layout, but told us only one of his drawing sheets survived the cut. I never heard whether we achieved the desired reduction in cost, but usually, it was when you didn't that you heard.
This layout shows how George McGinnis double-sided the scenes in Sea Castle. Combining two bays into one reduced the track length without losing any show elements. The curve of the floating city scenic backdrop matches the curve of the wall of the Undersea Restaurant below. Click on the image for a larger version. Image courtesy of George McGinnis.
Part 3: Managing the Design Team.
(Send an email to George McGinnis)
Industrial designer George McGinnis began his career at Walt Disney Imagineering in 1966. His senior project at Art Center College of Design, a working model of a futuristic high-speed train, attracted the attention of Walt Disney. George was invited to Imagineering by Walt, who showed him the "WEDway PeopleMover" system in development. Walt proceeded to introduce George to Dick Irvine, President of Imagineering, who invited George to become an Imagineer.
George's first assignment was to design miniature transportation models for the Progress City display, for the Carousel of Progress attraction that opened at Disneyland in July 1967. He was also responsible for concept design of both the Mighty Microscope for the Disneyland attraction Adventure Through Inner Space and the Saturn-style "winged rocket with boosters" for the Tomorrowland Rocket Jets for Disneyland (1967). From 1967 to 1971, George designed WEDway PeopleMover trains and parking lot shuttle vehicles for Walt Disney World. In 1971, he became a show designer, involved with such major projects as Space Mountain for both Walt Disney World (1975) and Disneyland (1977).
In 1979, George became Manager of Industrial Design for EPCOT and later, Project Show Designer for the Horizons pavilion. In addition, he also designed "SMRT-1" and the "Astuter Computer Revue" for the Communicore pavilion. From 1983 to 1987, George designed the Mark V Monorail train for Disneyland, which debuted in 1987. Following that, George contributed design ideas for the Magic Kingdom attraction Delta Dreamflight/Take Flight, designed the Walt Disney World Mark VI Monorail, and designed tram vehicles for the Disney-MGM Studios Backlot Tour.
Between 1990 and 1995, George brought his skills as a show designer to several projects for Disney Theme Parks around the world: boat vehicles for Splash Mountain in the Tokyo Disneyland and the Magic Kingdom; Indiana Jones (TM) Adventure ride vehicles for Disneyland; Space Mountain ride vehicle concept for Disneyland Paris; river boats, safari vehicles, and "steam" locomotive and cars for Disney's Animal Kingdom at Walt Disney World. Since retiring from Imagineering in 1995, George has continued to work for Disney as a consultant on the Rocket Rod concept vehicle for Tomorrowland, river rafts for Animal Kingdom and California Adventure and others yet to be announced.
George was born in Greenville, Pennsylvania. He attended Thiel College and Art Center College of Design, where he received a B.S. in Product Design in 1966. George currently lives in Glendale, California with his wife Marilyn. They have three grown children. In addition to his consulting work he enjoys history, traveling and designing projects for his home.