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A look at the influences that built the Magic
|Sheila Hagen, editor|
Remembering Frank Thomas
Master of Illusion
Tuesday, September 14, 2004
Source: Disney Press Release
Frank Thomas, Legendary Disney Animator and One of Walt Disney's 'Nine Old Men,' Dies at Age 92; Created Timeless Animation for Such Films as 'Pinocchio,' 'Bambi,' 'Peter Pan,' '101 Dalmatians,' and Authored Four Landmark Books.
Thursday September 9, 7:00 pm ET
BURBANK, Calif., Sept. 9 /PRNewswire/ -- Frank Thomas, one of the most talented, inventive and influential animators in the history of the art form, a member of Walt Disney's elite Nine Old Men, and a pioneering animator who worked on many classic shorts and features during his 43-year career at the Disney Studios, passed away on Wednesday (9/8) at his home in Flintridge, California. He was 92 years old. Thomas had been in declining health following a cerebral hemorrhage earlier this year. In addition to his achievements as an animator and directing animator, Thomas (in collaboration with his lifelong friend and colleague Ollie Johnston) authored four landmark books: Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life, Too Funny for Words, Bambi: The Story and the Film, and The Disney Villain. Thomas and Johnston were also the title subjects of a heartfelt 1995 feature-length documentary entitled Frank and Ollie, written and directed by Frank's son, Theodore (Ted) Thomas.
In a career filled with milestones, Thomas' remarkable animation included such indelible moments as the first date and spaghetti dinner in Lady and the Tramp, Thumper teaching Bambi how to ice-skate, Baloo the bear telling the man-cub Mowgli that he can't stay in the jungle in The Jungle Book, Pinocchio trapped in the birdcage by the evil puppeteer Stromboli, the lovesick squirrel whose heart is broken in Sword in the Stone, Captain Hook playing the piano in Peter Pan, the dancing penguins in Mary Poppins, among others. He also animated several of Mickey Mouse's most impressive scenes in such films as The Pointer, and Brave Little Tailor.
Noted animation historian/author/filmmaker John Canemaker, described Thomas' special talents in his book, Walt Disney's Nine Old Men. Thomas is particularly known and admired for his ability to animate emotionally sensitive material; the saddest scenes, the most romantic, most deeply felt sequences, the sincerest heart-tuggers usually found their way to his drawing board.
Commenting on Thomas' passing, Michael Eisner, CEO of The Walt Disney Company, said, Frank is an important part of the Disney legacy and one of the most amazing talents to ever work at the Studio. From 'Snow White' and 'Bambi,' up through 'The Rescuers,' he helped to shape the characters, performances and movies that Disney produced and that are loved all around the world. He was a wonderful person who brought a lot of joy to our lives and he will be truly missed.
Dick Cook, chairman of The Walt Disney Studios, added, It was a thrill and a great pleasure to have known and worked with Frank Thomas here at Disney. His youthful spirit, gentle humor, and enormous talent, left a big imprint on the Disney animated features. He was truly one of the greatest talents the industry has ever known.
David Stainton, president of Walt Disney Feature Animation, commented, All of us at Disney join the animation community and movie fans around the world in celebrating the life and legacy of Frank Thomas. His work set a standard that we all continue to strive for and our art form is where it is today because of the foundations he established.
Academy Award¨-winning filmmaker John Lasseter (head of creative for Pixar Animation Studios and director of the Toy Story films and A Bug's Life) said, Frank was a giant in our field and he meant everything to me and to all of us who love the art of animation. Besides being one of the key guys to help elevate animation from a novelty to an incredible art form, he was so generous in passing along his knowledge and experiences to the generations that followed. The books that he wrote with Ollie had a big impact on so many of us working in animation today. Frank was one of my main mentors and a tremendous influence on me. I feel very privileged to have known him.
Leonard Maltin, animation historian, film critic, and author, observed, Frank helped to invent animation as an art form and took it to incredible new heights through his work at Disney over four and a half decades. He and his lifelong friend and colleague, Ollie Johnston, had a remarkable gift for explaining and articulating how they did what they did. That's a rare quality in an artist. Even in his nineties, Frank retained a youthful spirit and indomitable sense of humor.
Born in Santa Monica, California, Thomas moved to Fresno with his family at an early age. At Fresno State College, he became president of his sophomore class, and wrote and directed a film spoofing college life for a school project. The film won much acclaim and was run in the local theaters, where it earned a profit that was contributed to a school fund. That project sparked Thomas' ambition to go seriously into the arts in some form. His father promised to send him to an art school of his choice if he would finish his education at Stanford.
At Stanford, Thomas majored in art and won recognition for his cartoons for the school newspaper, Chaparral. During his Stanford years, he met and became friends with another art major, Ollie Johnston. The two formed an instant friendship that was to last for over 70 years.
After graduating from Stanford, Thomas moved to Los Angeles where he attended Chouinard Art Institute and studied under Pruett Carter. Another young artist and Stanford graduate, James Algar, lived in the same rooming house and was employed by the Walt Disney Studios. At Algar's suggestion, Thomas applied for an opening as an in-betweener in the animation department and started working there on September 24, 1934. After six months, he moved into Fred Moore's unit and became the star animator's assistant. His earliest assignments included the short Mickey's Elephant.
Thomas made animation history as a key member of the animation team on Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Hollywood's first full-length animated feature. He was one of eight animators who concentrated on the dwarfs in three sections of the film. This was followed by a top spot animating the title character in Pinocchio. Thomas helped to design the character and did some outstanding animation on such scenes as the I've Got No Strings musical section. For Bambi, Thomas experimented for over six months to get the proper look and characterization for Bambi and some of the other animals. He worked hand in glove with fellow animator Milt Kahl to solve some tough design and animation problems.
In 1941, Thomas joined Walt Disney and a contingent of 18 artists, and storymen from the Studio on a goodwill trip to South America. He was the only animator in the group that toured Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Bolivia and other countries. Two films, The Three Caballeros, and Saludos Amigos, resulted from the trip.
For the 1949 feature, The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad, Thomas was promoted to directing animator and handled the scene with the superstitious Ichabod riding home on a dark and scary night. He made the switch to villains, starting with Cinderella, for which he animated the wicked Stepmother. This was followed by a star turn animating the Queen of Hearts in Alice in Wonderland. Next came the nefarious Captain Hook in Peter Pan. Thomas designed and supervised this colorful character with the fiery temper.
Thomas struck a romantic note with the classic scene of a cocker spaniel named Lady and a rover named Tramp sharing spaghetti and meatballs on a Bella Notte in the 1955 feature, Lady and the Tramp. He went on to animate (with Ollie Johnston) the three good fairy characters for Sleeping Beauty and the lead adult dogs in 101 Dalmatians. Thomas had one of his personal favorite scenes in The Sword in the Stone, where a love-struck squirrel encounters the once and future king who is temporarily inhabiting the body of another squirrel.
He went on to serve as directing animator on The Jungle Book, The Aristocats, Robin Hood, and The Rescuers. After working on some early story development, character design, and animation for the 1981 feature, The Fox and the Hound, Thomas retired from animation in January, 1978.
Over the next five years, Thomas and Johnston devoted full time to researching and writing the definitive book on their craft, Disney Animation: The Illusion of Life. The book distilled forty years of knowledge and experience into what many consider the finest book ever written about animation. Too Funny for Words was published six years later and explored the gags, humor and story elements that went into the features and shorts. Walt Disney's Bambi: The Story and the Film (1990) told the behind the scenes story of the creation of one of the greatest animated films of all-time. Their final collaboration, The Disney Villain (1993), explored the richest and most colorful rogue's gallery in film history.
In addition to his career as a top animator, Thomas also expressed his musical talents as the piano player in the popular jazz group, The Firehouse Five Plus Two. Formed in 1940s, the group consisted of other Disney employees, and achieved success with their numerous Dixieland jazz recordings and personal appearances. They officially disbanded in 1971.
In 1995, Thomas was the subject of a feature length documentary, Frank and Ollie, released by Walt Disney Pictures. Written, produced, and directed by Frank's son, Theodore (Ted) Thomas, and produced by Ted's wife, Kuniko Okubo, the film played film festivals around the world and received acclaim for its insightful look at the lives, careers and extraordinary friendship of the two legendary animators.
Thomas is survived by his wife of 58 years, Jeanette; son Theodore and his wife, Kuniko Okubo; son Doug, and his life partner, Dan Poirer; son Gregg and his children, Ukiah and Micah; and daughter, Ann Ayers, her husband, Andy Ayers, and their son, Marshall.
No funeral is planned but details regarding a life celebration will be announced shortly. In lieu of flowers, the family suggests that donations be made in Frank's name to the Character Animation Program at CalArts (California Institute of the Arts) in Santa Clarita, California.
Source material on the development and history of Disney animation techniques for this article comes from Thomas and Johnston's authoritative book on animation: The Illusion of Life - Disney Animation. This book is not only a must-read for anyone aspiring to a career in animation, but those who love and admire Disney animated films.
Thomas and Johnston also wrote three other well-regarded books: Too Funny For Words, Walt Disney's Bambi: The Story and the Film, and The Disney Villain. Another wonderful resource for further reading on this subject is John Canemaker's book, Walt Disney's Nine Old Men and the Art of Animation. Both Illusion of Life and Nine Old Men are available for order at MouseShoppe (link).
ABOUT THE COLUMN
The Foundations of Magic (formerly Architects of Magic) column looks at the important building blocks that formed the basis of Walt Disney's dream, and includes a look at Disney history, Disney lore, and important Disney individualsparticularly Imagineers and artistswho made significant contributions to Walt Disney's dream.
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